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hi – Hello, You!

Hello, <You>!

Write a program that reads several names from the standard input device and, for each name, prints Hello, <Name>! on the standard output device. The standard input and output devices are usually the keyboard and screen of a command line session.

$ ./hi
John
Hello, John!
Mary
Hello, Mary!
Smith
Hello, Smith!

Input and output

Names are provided one per line, and do not contain spaces. Names are composed of letters of the English alphabet or dashes (-), and have no more than 30 characters.

Example input

John
Mary
Smith

Example output

Hello, John!
Hello, Mary!
Hello, Smith!

Scoring

Submit your solution to be graded according to the following list:

Hints

If you do not know where to start, read the Computer Science by Example book. First, setup your environment then learn the programming basics. Here are some hints:

  1. Automated judge: Keep in mind that when your program is submitted it will not be run by a human but instead by an automated judge. Instructions should be followed exactly or the judge will not give you a full score.

    Your program should not print messages like Please type your name:. Instead, just print the required message for each name followed by a line break as in the example output.

  2. Produce output as you go: You do not need to accumulate names and then produce everything at the end. It is enough to produce output as you go. As soon as you read a name, write the corresponding hello message to standard output.

  3. Detecting the end of file. In this exercise, input is terminated by the end-of-file (EOF). Here are ways to detect EOF in C, Python and Haskell:

    • In C. The scanf function returns the numbers of elements read from stdin. Since this exercise requires you to read one number each line, you can compare scanf’s result to one as a while condition:

        while (scanf(...)==1) {
            ...
        }
      

      Which translates to, “while you’re able to read 1 item from standard input, do …”

    • In Python. The pattern for line in sys.stdin: can be used to create a loop where a file is processed line by line until the end-of-file (EOF).

    • In Haskell. You can use interact to declare the main function and implement your solution as a function from String to String:

        io :: String -> String
        io = ...
      
        main :: IO
        main = interact io
      

      EOF is then represented as the nil list constructor ("" or []) at the end of the argument String.

    On the terminal, you can simulate the end-of-file (EOF) by holding “Ctrl” and pressing “D”, i.e., Ctrl-D.

  4. Redirecting input: On most systems (Windows / Linux / OS X), it is possible to redirect the standard input and output of your program to files, like so:

     $ ./repeat <inputfile.txt >outputfile.txt
    

    If you create a plain text file with the “example input”, the above command should produce a plain text file with the “example output”.

    This is actually how the automated judge runs your program.

  5. Easier exercises: If you have difficulty with this exercise, try the repeat and hi1 exercises first.

try first: repeat hi1

try next: age swap

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